Neck pain,causes, treatment,Yoga for Neck pain

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Neck pain,causes, treatment,Yoga for Neck pain

 

Neck pain,causes, treatment,Yoga for Neck pain

Neck pain


Neck pain is a frequent complaint. Poor posture can strain neck muscles, whether you're leaning over your computer or hunching over your workbench. Neck pain is also frequently caused by osteoarthritis.


Most of the time Neck pain is a symptom of a more serious problem. If your neck pain is associated with numbness or if you have shooting pain into your shoulder or down your arm, seek medical attention.


 Symptoms of neck pain

Following are the causes of neck pain:

  • Headaches

  •  tingling in the arms

  • muscle pain

  •  Fever

  •  stiff neck 

  • throat pain 

  • tenderness

  • arm weakness

Types of neck pain


  • Strains in the muscles


 Muscle strains are frequently caused by overuse, such as spending too much time hunched over a computer or smartphone. Neck muscles can be strained by even minor activities such as reading in bed or gritting your teeth.


  • Cervicalgia 


is a discomfort that arises in the area of the neck. It's possible that the discomfort will spread to your head, body, or arms. 1. The length of neck pain varies according to its form, such as acute, sub acute, or Cervicalgia chronic. Acute neck discomfort lasts for fewer than seven days, while sub acute pain lasts for more than seven days but less than three months. And chronic neck pain lasts for three months or more.


  • Osteoarthritis


 deteriorates the cushions (cartilage) between your bones (vertebrae). Your body then produces bone spurs, which impair joint motion and cause pain.


  • Nerve pain


Neck nerve discomfort is a tough condition to describe. One or more nerves branching off the spinal cord exit through each vertebra. Inflammation or anatomical damage around these exit sites can squeeze, impinge, or irritate the nerve roots, resulting in pain that can be severe or mild, brief or chronic, and accompanied by burning sensations or a pins-and-needles sensation.


  •  Herniated discs 


 Herniated discs or bone spurs in your neck vertebrae can put pressure on the nerves that branch out from the spinal cord.

.

  •  Whiplash 


injury is common in rear-end collisions because the head is jerked backward and then forward, straining the soft tissues of the neck.

  • Referred Pain


Pain that originates in one place of the body but manifests in another is known as referred pain. Shoulder pain during a heart attack is a classic form of transferred pain.


  • Neck sprain


Neck sprains are also called cervical spine sprains .Neck sprains and strains have a variety of causes.Long periods of time spent in an inconvenient position, such as cradling a phone with the neck Using a pillow that is too firm or too high while sleeping Neck trauma is a type of injury that affects the neck. On one side of the body, carrying a hefty object. 

Neck sprains and strains have a number of risk factors.

  • Repetitive strain injury (RSI)

  • Surgery

  • Positions for sleeping

  • Bad posture

  • Fracture of the bones


Other Diseases. 


Neck pain can also be caused by some other  diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, meningitis, or cancer

.

Diagnosis


Imaging tests

  • X-rays.

 X-rays can reveal areas in your neck where bone spurs or other degenerative changes may be pinching your nerves or spinal cord.

  • CT scan .

CT scans combine X-ray images from various angles to produce detailed cross-sectional views of your neck's internal structures.

  • MRI.

 MRI creates detailed images of bones and soft tissues, including the spinal cord and nerves that branch from it, using radio waves and a strong magnetic field.

Other tests

  • Electromyography is a type of electromyography (EMG). 

If your doctor suspects that your neck pain is caused by a pinched nerve, he or she may recommend an EMG. It entails inserting fine needles through your skin into a muscle and performing tests to determine whether specific nerves are functioning properly by measuring the speed of nerve conduction

.

  • Blood tests are performed. 

Blood tests can occasionally reveal inflammatory or infectious conditions that are causing or contributing to your neck pain.


Treatment

Mild to moderate pain can be treated by self care but If your neck pain persists, your doctor may suggest other treatments.


1.Medication

Your doctor might prescribe

  •  pain medicine than what you can get over-the-counter,

  •  muscle relaxants 

  • tricyclic antidepressants for pain relief.


2. Therapy

  • Physical therapy

A therapist can teach you proper posture, alignment, and neck-strengthening exercises, as well as utilize heat, cold, electrical stimulation, and other techniques to relieve discomfort and prevent it from returning

  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS). Electrodes placed on your skin near painful areas send out tiny electrical impulses that may alleviate pain.

  • Traction. Traction gently stretches your neck by using weights, pulleys, or an air bladder. a medical professional and a physical therapist,may provide this  therapy for relief from some neck pain, particularly pain caused by nerve root irritation.

  • Temporary immobilization..use of soft collar helps to eliminate the pain.. However, if used for more than three hours at a time or for more than one to two weeks, a collar might do more harm than good.

3. Surgical and other procedures

  • Steroid injections.  Corticosteroid drugs are injected near the nerve roots, into the tiny facet joints in the cervical spine's bones, or into the neck muscles.

  • Surgery. Rarely used, surgery is the option for relieving nerve root or spinal cord compression.


4. How to treat neck pain at home

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers. Try over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), naproxen sodium (Aleve) and acetaminophen (Tylenol, panadol, others).

  • Use of Heat or ice in neck pain

  • There is no evidence that either heat or ice will help but it won't hurt to try them.

  • Using a heating pad on a low medium setting for 5 to 20 min every 2 or 3 hour..

  • Take a warm bath Also use heat wrap that last upto 8 hour

  • Try an ice pack for 10 to 15 mins every 2 to 3 hour



Alternative medicine

  • .Acupuncture.Acupuncture is a technique that includes inserting tiny needles into certain places on the body. Acupuncture has been shown to aid with a variety of pains in studies. However, research on neck discomfort has been divided. You may need several acupuncture sessions to achieve the best results. When conducted by a certified practitioner using sterilised needles, acupuncture is generally regarded as safe.

  • Chiropractic. Performed mainly on the spine Chiropractic treatments to the neck can provide short-term pain relief

  • Massage. Massage is done by  a trained practitioner in this process practitioner manipulates the muscles in your neck

 Exercise for neck pain.

  • Nod your head toward your chest and nod your  toward the sky repeat these motions for a few minutes.

  • Tilt your head down toward your right shoulder, then toward your left shoulder, in that order

  • . Repeat this process for a few minutes.

  • Slowly turn your head to the left while keeping your body still, and repeat this action for a few minutes.


 Yoga poses for neck pain

Standing forward bend pose
Neck pain,causes, treatment,Yoga for Neck pain

  • Stand with your feet under your hips in a standing position.

  • Fold your upper body forward while keeping a slight bend in your knees to lengthen your body.

  • Bring your hands to the floor, a block, or your legs.

  • Tuck your chin toward your chest and fully relax your head and neck.

  • You can make gentle circles or shake your head from side to side, front to back. This aids in the relief of neck and shoulder strain.

  • For at least 1 minute, stay in this position.

  • As you roll your spine up to standing, bring your arms and head up last.


 Warrior II pose

Neck pain,causes, treatment,Yoga for Neck pain



  • Bring your left foot back with your toes facing out to the left at a small angle, starting from a standing position.

  • Step forward with your right foot.

  • Your left foot should be aligned with your right foot on the inside.

  • Raise your arms till they're parallel to the floor and facing down, palms down.

  • Bend your right knee, but not so far forward that your knee extends beyond your ankle.

  • As you reach up through your spine, press into both feet.

  • Take a look beyond your right hand's fingertips.

  • Hold this position for 30 seconds.

  • Then repeat on the other side.

Sphinx position

Neck pain,causes, treatment,Yoga for Neck pain



  • Sphinx position extends your shoulders while strengthening your spine.


  • Lie flat on your stomach with your elbows beneath your shoulders and your palms and forearms pressed together.

  • As you lift your upper torso and head, tighten your lower back, buttocks, and thighs to support you.

  • Maintain a straight line of sight while stretching your spine.

  • Do this for 2 minute.


Child's position 

Neck pain,causes, treatment,Yoga for Neck pain


can help to ease neck and headache discomfort.


  • Sit back on your heels and bring your knees to a comfortable posture from a kneeling position.

  • Lengthen your spine and walk your hands in front of you, hips hinged so you can collapse forward.

  • To support your neck, keep your arms outstretched in front of you, or stack your hands and rest your head on them. This may aid in the relief of tension headaches. Bring your arms back to lie along the side of your body if it's comfortable.

  • Deeply inhale and concentrate on releasing any stress or tightness in your body.

  • For a few minutes, stay in this position.

The cow face 

Neck pain,causes, treatment,Yoga for Neck pain

This position stretches and opens the chest and shoulders.


  • Take a seat in a comfortable position.

  • Raise your left elbow and bend your arm backwards until your hand reaches your back.

  • Pull your left elbow to the right with your right hand, or bring your right hand up to reach and clasp your left hand.

  • Hold this position for 30 seconds.

  • Then repeat on the opposite side.



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